Thanks to Joseph, the family of Jacob(Israel) survived the great famine by moving to Egypt. There were about 70 men that moved there. Pharaoh, the king of Egypt was good to them, and they would stay in Egypt for over 400 years. Generations passed, and when a new king who did not know about Joseph would come to power, the people of Israel were thought of as being “dangerous”, and be persecuted.

Enter Moses

170 Baby Moses Basket Photos - Free & Royalty-Free Stock Photos from  Dreamstime

Pharaoh’s persecution of Israelites increased, and he ordered that all males born in Israel be thrown into the Nile river. Moses was born during that time. He was of the family of Levi, son of Jacob. Moses had an older brother Aaron, and also an older sister Miriam. For 3 months his mother hid him, but when she could not hide him any more, she put Moses in a basket, and put him in the Nile river. His sister Miriam watched over him for afar, and Moses was picked up by the Pharaoh’s daughter who happened to be bathing in the Nile river. Ironically, though Moses was supposed to be “thrown into the river” to be killed, he was saved through the Nile river. This story is often compared to the story of Noah’s ark.

Moses becomes an adopted child of the Pharaoh’s daughter, or the princess, though it is his own mother who raises him. He receives the high education in Egypt while still retaining the identity of an Israelite. Witnessing the hardships of his people, he takes matter into his own hands, but fails and experiences failure. He was 40 years old at this time.

FreeBibleimages :: Moses: God's chosen leader :: God calls Moses from the  wilderness to lead His people out of slavery (Exodus 3-13)

After his failure, he runs away to a far away land. When he was 80 years old, God calls Moses to save the people of Israel. Moses, who had lost all his confidence, refuses several times, but God gives the condition that Aaron will help Moses, and he agrees to go back to Egypt.

Battle of God and gods

The Pharaoh of Egypt had changed by then, and he did not know who Moses was. However, the hardships of the Israelites had not changed. Moses and Aaron go to Pharaoh to ask him to let the Israelites go out of Egypt to hold a celebration in the wilderness. Pharaoh refuses to let the people go.

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One of the themes in the Bible is the battle between “The one true God” and “gods made by man”. Egypt had many gods. The 10 plagues brought to Egypt through Moses are famous, and these plagues were actually God attacking the gods of Egypt:


April 28th, 2013 - Hapi | Ancient egyptian gods, Egyptian gods, Ancient  egypt gods

Hapi is the God of the Nile river. God of Israel changed the Nile river water into blood.


Ten Egyptian Plagues for Ten Egyptian Gods and Goddesses | Egyptian gods,  Egyptian, Egyptian goddess

Heket is the God of water, and has the head of a frog. God of Israel caused a swarm of frogs to appear, and the frogs entered into the houses of the Egyptians.


Geb - Wikipedia

Geb is the God of the earth. God of Israel caused lice or gnats to appear from the earth.


Egyptian God Khepri Photograph by Patrick Landmann/science Photo Library

Khepri is the God of creation, and has the head of a fly. God of Israel caused swarms of flies to appear.


Hathor - Wikipedia

Hathor is the Goddess of love and protection, and often is shown having the head of a cow. God of Israel caused sickness to breakout over the livestock of the Egyptians.


Isis - Wikipedia

Isis is the God of medicine and peace. God of Israel caused sores and boils to appear on the Egyptians.


free images of nut and geb - Bing images in 2020 | Egyptian deity, Egyptian  gods, Ancient egyptian

Nut is the God of the sky(The one with long arms and legs in the picture above). God of Israel caused hail to rain down from the sky.


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Seth is the God of storm and disorder. God of Israel caused swarms of locusts to come to Egypt, and destroy whatever food was not completely destroyed by the hail.


Ancient Egyptian God Ra Clipart - Free Clipart | Ancient egyptian gods,  Egyptian gods, Facts about ancient egypt

Ra is the God of the Sun. God of Israel caused darkness to cover Egypt.


Pharaoh - Ancient Egypt Pharaohs - Free Transparent PNG Clipart Images  Download

Pharaoh was not only a king, but was considered to be the son of Ra, and he was worshipped throughout Egypt. God of Israel’s final battle was with Pharaoh. God claims that along with Pharaoh’s firstborn, all of the firstborns throughout Egypt including men and animals will be killed.

God provides a way out, though. By putting the blood of the lamb on the entrance door, the Spirit of God will “Pass over” that house and not kill anyone in the house. This will be passed on through Israel tradition of the “Passover”.

Exodus of Israel

So in this way, the one true God of Israel is victorious over the gods of Egypt. The people of Israel would leave Egypt the next day. In the Bible the population of Israel at the time is written as 600,000 men, so including women and children many think that the total population was around 1,000,000 to 2,000,000 people. It is said that the time they left Egypt was around 1440 BC. The people of Israel leave Egypt joyfully, but their joy will only last briefly.. (to be continued)

#Bible #Exodus #聖書 #出エジプト記


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