What is the book of Enoch?

There are currently 66 books in the Bible, but there are other books which have not been included for various reasons. The book of Enoch is one of them. There is evidence that the book existed somewhere around 1st and 2nd century BC. There are churches in Ethiopia who include book of Enoch as one of the books in their Bible. It is a very interesting book in that there are information there which cannot be found anywhere else in the Bible.

Mystery of the world before the Flood

The World Before the Flood - Wikiwand

What do we know of the world before the Flood? There is a brief description in Genesis 6:1-7 :

1 Now it came about, when mankind began to multiply on the face of the land, and daughters were born to them, 

2 that the sons of God saw that the daughters of mankind were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves, whomever they chose.

3 Then the Lord said, “My Spirit will not remain with man forever, because he is also flesh; nevertheless his days shall be 120 years.”

4 The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of mankind, and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown.

5 Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of mankind was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of [f]their hearts was only evil continually.

6 So the Lord was sorry that He had made mankind on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.

7 Then the Lord said, “I will wipe out mankind whom I have created from the face of the land; mankind, and animals as well, and crawling things, and the birds of the sky. For I am sorry that I have made them.” 

There are some things we can see from here :

  • “sons of God” took human women as their wives and had children
  • Nephilim existed during that time, and afterwards as well
  • There was wickedness in the world, and God was grieving about it

So who are the “sons of God”? What are the Nephilim? How was the world so evil? Some of these are answered in the book of Enoch.

Overview of the book of Enoch

File:William Blake Enoch Lithograph 1807.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

The book of Enoch consists of 105 chapters, and can be broken down into 5 parts :

  • The Book of the Watchers
  • Book of Parables
  • The Astronomical Book
  • The Dream Visions
  • The Epistle of Enoch

The Book of the Watchers

Fallen Angel Wallpapers - Top Free Fallen Angel Backgrounds -  WallpaperAccess

One of the most interesting part of the book is the “The Book of the Watchers”. “The Watchers” are the angels who were to watch of the people after they were exiled from the garden of Eden. They were only supposed to watch over them, but after seeing that there were beautiful women, the angels took those women to be their wives. This is what was written in Genesis 6:2. By this act, they become “fallen angels”.

These fallen angels are sometimes called “Grigori”, and consisted of some 200 angels. Shemihaza was the leader of the Grigori, and there were a total of 20 sub-leaders, including Azazel. They not only took human women as their wives, but taught about medicine and astronomy, as well as sorcery. Azazel taught men about how to make weapons, and also taught women the art of deception by ornamenting themselves. Shemihaza is the leader, but is depicted as being afraid of taking all of the blame on himself, and we see Azazel being punished more severely than the other Watchers.

Children are born between angels and humans, and their size is an amazing 300 cubits(about 150 m). They consume all of the food the humans have, and not being satisfied, continue to devour animals and humans, and even each other in the end. Some think that the “Nephilim” refer to these giants, but if you read closely, you see that the giants are not called “Nephilims”. As is written in Genesis chapter 6, the “Nephilims” are beings who existed at the same time as the giants.

Enoch acted as an intermediator between God and the “Watchers”. We also see the 4 archangels in this story : Gabriel, Michael, Uriel, and Raphael. They also attempt to intercede on behalf of the Grigori, but ultimately God’s judgment falls on the Gigori, and they are sealed up.

The Book of Parables

Enoch knew of the judgment that was to come on the earth through the flood. Enoch told of the events to happen, such as God’s judgment, the renewing of the world, and the “son of man” who is to come, through a series of parables.

The Astronomical Book

One of the Archangels, Uriel, teaches astronomy to Enoch. In the explanation, the year is broken down to 364 days, and detailed movements of the sun and moon are explained.

The Dream Visions

Starting from the age of Noah, Enoch uses animals to go through the history of Israel. The age around the time of the Maccabean war is written, which is before 1st to 2nd century BC timeline.

The Epistles of Enoch

Last are the letters from Enoch. In his letters, we see his son Methuselah, and the last letter covers the birth of Noah. In his letter, Noah is described as being like an angel when he was born.

Why is the book of Enoch not included in the Bible?

Reception of the Ethiopian Book of Enoch – UN ŒIL SUR LA CORNE / AN EYE ON  THE HORN

The reason the book of Enoch is not included in the Bible is probably because the book focuses much more on “angels” and “fallen angels” rather than “God” himself. Also, depending on how you read it, you could interpret it to say that the wickedness in the world is because of angels, and not because of men. Interestingly, “Satan” never appears in this book. There are some who think that Azazel is maybe Satan, but there are no clear indications of that.

The epistle of Jude refers to the book of Enoch, and there are evidence that the Jews before the birth of Jesus were familiar with the book of Enoch, so I think it is worth reading through for everyone.

#Enoch #Bible #Nephilim #Watchers


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